A formal retraction will be considered after careful investigation if the published paper contains errors, serious invalidate its results and conclusions. African Journal of Biological Sciences follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines for retracting articles.
Journal Editors should consider retracting a publication if:
If errors are found that are so significant that the article cannot remain in the journal, it contains infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, etc.
It contains miscalculations or experimental errors or the main conclusion is no longer valid or seriously undermined as a result of new evidence coming to light of which Authors were not aware at the time of publication
If plagiarism is found, a whole article will be removed from the journal and replaced with a note indicating authors ́ names and description of plagiarism. Authors and their institutions will be notified.
Note that if Authors retain copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE’s Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases
If the necessary corrections requested by the author, peer-review will be done by the Editor-In-Chief, Associate Editor as well as the reviewer who reviewed the original paper. After final decision from Editor-In-Chief and Associate Editor the amendments will published in the below category.
Errata concern the amendment of errors introduced by the journal during editing or production, which affects the scientific accuracy of published information or the reputation of the journal.
A Corrigendum is an important correction made by the author, which affects the scientific accuracy of published information or the reputation of the authors, or the reputation of the journal. All authors must sign corrigenda submitted for publication which will then be subject to editor oversight and, possibly, peer review.
Addenda are significance peer-reviewed addition to the interpretation of the original publication, which affects the scientific accuracy of published information or the reputation of the authors, or the reputation of the journal. Addenda do not contradict the original publication, but if the authors inadvertently omitted significant information available to them at the time, this material will be published as an addendum after peer review.